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From Clash of Clans to Clash Royale: How portrait mode trumped tablet-first gaming

From Clash of Clans to Clash Royale: How portrait mode trumped tablet-first gaming

It wasn't that many years ago that a failed Facebook game developer bravely nailed its colours to the then nascent mast of tablet gaming.

"We believe tablets are the ultimate games platform," Greg Harper, Supercell's US GM told PocketGamer.biz in April 2012.

"There's absolutely nothing wrong with smartphones," he added.

"Our games will support smartphones as well, but our primary focus will be to create the optimal experience on a tablet."

Two-handed gaming

Of course, the rest is history.

Later that year Supercell released the tablet-oriented Clash of Clans and Hay Day; games that almost four years later helped the company generate $2.3 billion in 2015.

It may not have been trumping its 'tablet-first' strategy in 2014, when Supercell's third game Boom Beach was released.

But just like its first two games, Boom Beach was designed to be played in landscape mode.

This is how you're supposed to play Clash of Clans

In that sense, it was still a game for gamers who played with two hands on a bigger screen. They were seen as the target market for mobile gaming. 

That view is now ancient history.

Clash revisioned

For, continuing our train of thought, Clash Royale is radically different from Supercell's previous games.

It's designed to be played on a phone in portrait (or upright) mode.

Similarly, the user experience is designed for one handed play.

There's nothing complex going on. There's no need for pinch-zooming or expansive screen real estate. Everything sits nicely under your thumb.

But who plays Clash Royale like this?

And it's not just Supercell either.

The tablet experiment kickstarted by Apple's iPad in 2010 has now stalled.

Glu Mobile's biggest hit, 2014's Kim Kardashian: Hollywood wasn't a game for core gamers, but it was designed to be played in landscape mode.

2016's sister act Kendall & Kylie - effectively the same game with different Kardashians - uses the portrait mode.

It's designed to be played on your phone.

And, in a neat counter example, one of the reason Katy Perry Pop - another game in Glu' celebrity series - was a flop was its orientation - you got it, landscape mode.

How we roll

Some might argue that the trend has something to do with the growing size of mobile phones themselves.

Certainly, phone screen size has increased considerably since 2012, especially for iPhone users. But that's not the fundamental reason.

The tablet experiment kickstarted by Apple's iPad in 2010 has now stalled. Quarterly sales have been on the decline for a year, and that's even taking into account the arrival of the phone-sized iPad minis.

Indeed, the iPad mini is another notch in phone's victory over tablets, and a good example that screen size has been vastly overestimated, compared to features such as portability, personalisation and ease of use.

And it's these aspects in terms of how people actually use their touchscreen devices that is best reflected in the rise of the portrait mode for games. 

It's how they use their always-available phone for texting and browsing etc (only using one hand) and that's how they expect to play their games too.

Japan's topping grossing games have always been in portrait mode.

Actually, they don't even think of it as gaming. It's just another way to pass the time.

Frictionless

If you consider Japan - the most advanced mobile nation in the world - its topping grossing games have always been in portrait mode: Puzzle & Dragons, Monster Strike, Rune Story (White Cat Project), Quiz RPG etc.

Designing a game to be mobile-first (not tablet-first) makes it more accessible and hence increases its potential profitability too.

The first western-developed game to $1 billion was King's Candy Crush Saga; a portrait-oriented game that blew the company's debut mobile game - thew landscape-designed Bubble Witch Saga away in terms of virality.

It's something Machine Zone has always known, of course.

Despite Game of War and Mobile Strike being hardcore in the extreme, they're both portrait games, set up with a simple UX and designed for maximum ease of use.

Harder to go niche

Does that mean there's no place for landscape or tablet games?

No. Kabam's Marvel: Contest of Champions is a game designed for landscape mode and it was the company's fastest title to $100 million in revenue.

Similarly with EA's successful Star War: Galaxy of Heroes.

Obviously, both are midcore games attached to big brands, and maybe that's why they've been able to succeed against the trend.

But 'tablet-first' games are dead and the landscape mode for gaming isn't fair behind; at least unless you can pivot your business in the way that Super Evil turned its 'tablet-first' MOBA Vainglory from a mobile game into an eSport.

Because, make no mistake, any game that isn't primarily designed to be played using one-hand on a phone held in its natural upright position, is fighting a losing battle with two hands outstretched in surrender.

Contributing Editor

A Pocket Gamer co-founder, Jon is Contributing Editor at PG.biz which means he acts like a slightly confused uncle who's forgotten where he's left his glasses. As well as letters and cameras, he likes imaginary numbers and legumes.

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